Skin maintenance usually becomes more challenging in time; only those who are blessed with perfect genetics can establish one skin care regimen and just introduce slight changes in time. However, the rest of the population is prone to developing different conditions – wrinkles aren’t the only physical symptom of aging, unfortunately.
So, as you become older, you don’t have only lines to look forward to, but also sunspots. Any imperfection on the skin is considered to be unattractive and we all strive towards pure perfection. If you noticed new dots on your skin, chances are that you want to get rid of them as soon as possible. For that to happen, the most useful thing you can do for starters is to learn about types, sources, and similar conditions, so that you can find the right treatment for your issue.
What Are Sunspots on the Skin?
The medical term for sunspots on the skin is solar lentigines, and it refers to flat discolored areas that appear because of damaging sun rays – ultraviolet light to be precise. Although they are brown in most cases, there are different types of sunspots on the skin, and they can be white or red sometimes.
Some people are more prone to them than others, but only in the sense that they might start developing sunspots earlier – the fact is that almost everyone has them at one point. Those with fair tans and a sensitive skin type usually get their first spots in their twenties, even tho they normally appear a bit before your forties.
Once they start appearing, sunspots on your skin will only increase in quantities, if you don’t apply proper treatment. Interestingly, direct sunlight isn’t the only source you should stay away from; sunspots are affected by light that goes through glass, so windows can’t really protect you, and they also reflect from watery and solid surfaces as well.
You should also be aware of the fact that tanning-beds have the same effect, so they are not a suitable replacement. It doesn’t matter if it’s a natural UV source or an artificial one; sunspots are practically feeding on it and they spread quite fast thanks to it.
Which Are the Areas Where Sunspots Appear Primarily?
The areas of your skin which are exposed to sunlight the most are the easiest target for this condition. So, your whole face, unshaded areas of the neck, the area around the collarbone, and the upper side of your hands are critical. If your hair is starting to thin, naked surfaces on your skull will most probably be affected by UV lights as well.
The shaded areas of your skin, like the insides of your arms, will be the last parts to develop this condition. Sunspots can be either in the form of dots, or they can cover larger areas. The shaded parts are most likely to develop only small ones, while that surface of your skin which is exposed to sunlight throughout your lifespan will probably be covered with larger ones.
Are Sunspots Cancerous?
There isn’t a direct link between sunspots on the skin and cancer – they are harmless. This is a condition that doesn’t go deeper to breach your skin’s layers. However, you should know that cancer may manifest on the skin like a discoloration and resemble sunspots. Therefore, it’s quite necessary to visit a dermatologist who will be able to tell the difference as soon as you notice new, differently colored areas.
Sunspots, Freckles, and Fungus
Freckles, or ephelides, are a result of pigment accumulation in skin cells. People with fair tans usually have them and they usually go hand in hand with red hair. Wintertime isn’t their favorite weather, and although they do exist in this period, they are not visible as during summer, when they practically flourish. Although sunspots and freckles can look alike, they are not the same condition, and they appear because of different reasons – freckles are usually inheritable.
If you have discoloration which is in brighter shades which appeared after an intensive period of sunbathing, you’re probably dealing with sunspot skin fungus, or tinea versicolor, which is actually a condition caused by yeast. There’s no reason to panic; the condition is easily treatable and yeast is a part of the permanent contents of your skin’s microenvironment. However, you should consult your dermatologist and treat them because this skin issue can become aggressive in time.
Ways to Prevent Appearance of the Sunspots on the Skin
As we mentioned, sunspots come sooner or later; almost everyone will develop this condition as they get older. However, if you already know that you have genetic predispositions and you want to maximally decrease the manifestation, there are things you can do to prevent serious discoloration issues.
- Stay away from the sun
Well, you should treat the sun as if it were your kryptonite in this case, and try to avoid being in its presence as much as you can. Naturally, when the sun rays are most powerful, between 11 am and 1 pm, the UV light is the most effective, so this, in particular, is the time when you shouldn’t be in direct contact with sunlight.
- Cover up
Clothes can be very helpful. I know that wearing long-sleeved clothes isn’t really your idea of summer outfits, but if you want to protect yourself from sunspots, this is the smart way to go. A fabric like cotton or linen can be very comfortable and I’m sure you’ll be able to find something that’s in accordance with your fashion taste. Also, hats are back again, and a nice wide brim will be able to protect your face and your neck.
- Get rid of bad habits
If you haven’t been able to find the motivation that’s powerful enough to help you quit smoking, perhaps aesthetics will do that for you. Long-term smoking causes skin discoloration – among all other consequences it carries – and it will encourage the appearance and development of sunspots if you don’t do something about it.
- Products with SPF
Giving your skin the nutrients it needs will encourage cell development and rejuvenation, so it’s quite necessary to take proper care of your skin for it to stay elastic and youthful for a long time. Other than having a disciplined skincare routine, you should also make sure to get products that contain SPF and apply them on a daily basis. Many beautifying products contain protective substances, so you can get makeup with a powerful SPF so you don’t have to use several different products.
Natural Ways to Get Rid of Sunspots on the Skin
As far as I’m concerned, sunspots on the skin aren’t unattractive, but I understand that this problem can be annoying for some people. If you want to get rid of them, you should know that there are natural remedies that can help you do so and you should definitely try those before you subject yourself to medical procedures.
- Aloe Vera
In my opinion, Aloe Vera is one of the mightiest and the most nutritive gifts of nature. Its contents will encourage skin development and this plant is a powerful natural bleacher, so applying a product that’s based on Aloe Vera will even out the color on your skin and make it elastic and youthful.
This vegetable is a powerful antioxidant; introducing it to your diet will help your whole body breathe which will manifest on your skin as well. Apart from that, cucumbers have similar properties like Aloe Vera and applying pieces of it on your skin or making a mask out of it will be very helpful for this cause.
Another powerful bleacher; in combination with cider vinegar, lemon juice can make a significant difference. Apply this mixture on the skin areas you find problematic and rinse it after ten minutes or so, and you’ll be able to see a change if you make this into a routine.
- Vitamin E
Famous for its skin repair properties, Vitamin E is a popular ingredient in the beauty industry. You can either look for products which contain it or add it to your diet in the form of capsules.
Speaking of nutrition – adding garlic, honey, and watermelon to your meals will have a very positive effect on the color of your skin. There are delicious treats, and I’m sure they will enrich your meals while making sunspots disappear.
It’s imperative that you stay patient and persistent throughout your treatment. However, if you introduce the changes we mentioned, regulate your diet, stay away from the sun and apply SPF daily, you will be able to see a significant change.